E-Cigarettes Cause More Harm Than Good, Study Concludes

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E-cigarettes produce more harm than good, a new study concludes. The researchers say the number of adults who use e-cigarettes to quit smoking is much lower than the number of teens and young adults who start smoking regular cigarettes after trying e-cigarettes. They calculated 2,070 adult smokers who used e-cigarettes in 2014 would quit smoking regular cigarettes in 2015 and remain smoke free for at least seven years, according to Consumer Reports. They also estimated 168,000 teens and young adults who tried e-cigarettes in 2014 would start smoking regular cigarettes in 2015 and eventually become daily smokers. Overall, e-cigarette use in 2014 would lead to 1.5 million years of life lost, they estimated. “If e-cigarettes are to confer a net population-level benefit in the future, the effectiveness of e-cigarettes as a smoking cessation tool will need to be much higher than it currently is,” the researchers wrote in the journal PLOS...

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Suicide Attempts by Young Adults on the Rise

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Suicide attempts by young adults, particularly those with mental illness and less education, are increasing, a new study concludes. Older adults have the highest overall suicide rates in the United States, the researchers report in JAMA Psychiatry. The findings come from surveys of more than 69,000 adults, according to HealthDay. Between 2004 and 2014, the annual suicide rate increased from 11 percent to 13 percent per 100,000 people. While middle-aged adults (aged 45-64 years) had the highest suicide rate, young adults (aged 21-34 years) had the biggest increase in suicide attempts. Lead researcher Dr. Mark Olfson of Columbia University Medical Center said it is not clear why suicide attempts appear to be increasing among young adults. “It is possible that these trends are partially explained by the effects of the recent Great Recession,” he said. “Younger adults and adults with less education may have been especially hard hit by the recession...

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